My research agenda centers broadly on health disparities across the life course. Specifically, I am interested in how race/ethnicity, nativity, and gender interact with key social, economic, and environmental factors to shape physical health, cognitive functioning, and mortality outcomes of aging minority and immigrant groups in the United States and Mexico.
Some of the core questions that drive my research are:
- How does nativity status combine with race and ethnicity to create unique health trajectories among older men and women?
- What are some of the factors behind post-immigration health status changes for older immigrants in the U.S. that lead to advantages/disadvantages in health and mortality outcomes?
- What role does education play in the cognitive functioning of minority and immigrant groups?
- What factors contribute to favorable health and longevity patterns among immigrants?
At present, racial/ethnic and immigrant populations in the United States are much younger in age structure than Whites. However, the composition of the U.S. population is rapidly aging and becoming more diverse. In an era characterized by substantial inequalities in resources across population groups, it is crucial that researchers devote greater attention to minority and immigrant populations, particularly in the context of population aging.
I am currently seeking graduate students who are interested in studying racial/ethnic and nativity health disparities (i.e. morbidity, physical functioning, disability, and mortality) across the life course.
I am currently teaching SOCI 217: Sociology of Race and Ethnicity and SOCI 353: Sociology of Health and Health Professions.
SOCI 217 focuses on how race and racism define our lives. Race is one of the most critical, divisive, and defining issues in the United States today. Theoretically, this course focuses on racial ideologies, systemic and structural racism, racial categorization, ethnic identification, nativism, and intersecting oppressions to explain how racial oppression intersects with other forms of oppression.
SOCI 353 provides an overview of the social, cultural, and historical foundations of health care and health professions in the United States. This course highlights emerging areas of analysis in medical sociology and recent work in the field, with an emphasis on how sociological theory can be applied to health, healing, and illness.
Garcia, Marc A, Patricia A Homan, Catherine García and Tyson H Brown. 2020. "The Color of COVID-19: Structural Racism and the Pandemic’s Disproportionate Impact on Older Racial and Ethnic Minorities." The Journals of Gerontology: Series B. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbaa114.
Sáenz, Rogelio and Marc A Garcia. 2020. "The Disproportionate Impact of COVID-19 on Older Latino Mortality: The Rapidly Diminishing Latino Paradox." The Journals of Gerontology: Series B. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbaa158.
Garcia, Marc A, Brian Downer, Chi-Tsun Chiu, Joseph L Saenz, Kasim Ortiz and Rebeca Wong. 2020. "Educational Benefits and Cognitive Health Life Expectancies: Racial/Ethnic, Nativity, and Gender Disparities." The Gerontologist. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnaa112.
Garcia, Marc A., Kasim Ortiz, Sandra P. Arévalo, Erica D. Diminich, Emily Briceño, Irving E. Vega and Wassim Tarraf. 2020. "Age of Migration and Cognitive Function among Older Latinos in the United States." Journal of Alzheimer's Disease 76:1493-511. doi: 10.3233/JAD-191296.
Garcia, Marc A, Adriana M Reyes, Catherine García, Chi-Tsun Chiu and Grecia Macias. 2020. "Nativity and Country of Origin Variations in Life Expectancy with Functional Limitations among Older Hispanics in the United States." Research on Aging 42(7-8):199-207. doi: 10.1177/0164027520914512.